Enoggera State School | Environment, land and water | Queensland Government

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Enoggera State School

  • 650085
  • 235 South Pine Road, Enoggera

General

Classification
State Heritage
Register status
Entered
Date entered
1 February 2019
Types
Education, Research, Scientific Facility: School - state (primary)
Education, research, scientific facility: School—state
Theme
9.1 Educating Queenslanders: Providing primary schooling
Architect
Brady, Alfred Barton
Construction periods
1916, Block A, Suburban Timber School Building (C/T8), 1916
1916, Block B, Suburban Timber School Building (C/T8), 1916
1931, Block D, later version of Suburban Timber School Building (C/T8), 1931
1939, Block C, later version of Suburban Timber School Building (C/T8), 1939
1950, Block E, later version of Suburban Timber School Building (C/T8), 1950
Historical period
1914–1919 World War I
1939–1945 World War II
1940s–1960s Post-WWII

Location

Address
235 South Pine Road, Enoggera
LGA
Brisbane City Council
Coordinates
-27.41696183, 152.99416561

Map

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Significance

Criterion AThe place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland’s history.

Enoggera State School (established in 1871) is important in demonstrating the evolution of state education and its associated architecture in Queensland.

The Suburban Timber School Buildings, Blocks A & B (1916), Block C (1939), Block D (1931) and Block E (planned 1940, built 1950), represent the culmination of years of experimentation with light, classroom size and ventilation by the Department of Public Works. These standard government designed school buildings were an architectural response to prevailing government educational philosophies. The school reflects the development of Enoggera, as it evolved from a 19th century farming community to an early 20th century suburban community.

The large suburban landscaped site, including playing field and sporting facilities, demonstrates educational philosophies that promoted the importance of play and aesthetics in the education of children.

Criterion DThe place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

Enoggera State School is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a suburban Queensland State School complex. These include: teaching buildings constructed to a standard design by the Department of Public Works that incorporate classrooms with high levels of natural light and ventilation, verandahs and covered play spaces; standing on landscaped grounds with sporting facilities, and assembly and play areas.

The Suburban Timber School Buildings (Blocks A, B, C, D and E) are good examples of their type and have a high degree of integrity. They demonstrate the principal characteristics, including: a symmetrical plan of rectangular, gable-roofed, timber-framed wings, highset with play space beneath, and connected via continuous verandahs; verandahs with arched timber brackets and hat enclosures; projecting teachers rooms; coved ceilings of pressed metal and V-jointed (VJ) timber; deliberate placement of windows to light classrooms from the student’s left hand side; and passive ventilation features including ceiling vents, and continuous vents at floor level (to Block A and B).

Criterion GThe place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

Enoggera State School has a strong and ongoing association with past and present pupils, parents, staff members, and the surrounding community through sustained use since its establishment in 1871. The place is important for its contribution to the educational development of Enoggera, with generations of children taught at the school, and has served as a prominent venue for social interaction and community focus. Contributions to its operations have been made through repeated local volunteer action, donations, and the Parents and Citizens Association.

History

The Enoggera State School, established on this site between Laurel Street and South Pine Road in 1871, comprises a number of timber school buildings dating from 1916; including suburban timber school buildings, Blocks A & B (1916) and Block D (1931); Sectional School buildings; Block C (1939) and Block E (planned 1940, built 1950). The school has a strong and ongoing association with the Enoggera community.

The provision of state-administered education was important to the colonial governments of Australia. National schools, established in 1848 in New South Wales, were continued in Queensland following the colony’s creation in 1859. Following the introduction of the Education Act 1860, which established the Board of General Education and began standardising curriculum, training and facilities, Queensland’s national and public schools grew from four in 1860 to 230 by 1875.[1] The State Education Act 1875 provided for free, compulsory and secular primary education and established the Department of Public Instruction. This further standardised the provision of education, and despite difficulties, achieved the remarkable feat of bringing basic literacy to most Queensland children by 1900.[2]

The establishment of schools was considered an essential step in the development of communities and integral to their success. Locals often donated land and labour for a school’s construction and the school community contributed to maintenance and development. Schools became a community focus, a symbol of progress, and a source of pride, with enduring connections formed with past pupils, parents, and teachers. The inclusion of war memorials and community halls reinforced these connections and provided a venue for a wide range of community events in schools across Queensland.[3]

To help ensure consistency and economy, the Queensland Government developed standard plans for its school buildings. From the 1860s until the 1960s, Queensland school buildings were predominantly timber-framed, an easy and cost-effective approach that also enabled the government to provide facilities in remote areas. Standard designs were continually refined in response to changing needs and educational philosophy and Queensland school buildings were particularly innovative in climate control, lighting, and ventilation. Standardisation produced distinctly similar schools across Queensland with complexes of typical components.[4]

A meeting to establish a school in the Enoggera District was held in the Enoggera Hotel on 5 September 1870, and a school committee was formed. While in the early years of school establishment following the Education Act of 1860, local committees were required to raise one third of the cost of the school, this requirement was relaxed in 1864.  The Enoggera School Committee raised £60 by April 1871, although a further £10 was required for construction to commence. The committee resolved to raise this money immediately. The Education Office called for tenders in May 1871 for a school house and teacher’s residence; the final cost amounting to £287.[5]

The school was on the traditional lands of the Turrbul people and origins of the name ‘Enoggera’ have been variously reported as a corruption of Euogra meaning, ‘song and dance’ (place of corrobboree), ‘place of waters’ or ‘place of breezes’. Early European settlers of the 1860s planted orchards and vineyards. A transport route evolved following the discovery of gold in Gympie in 1867, when prospectors and their bullock teams travelled through Enoggera and on to what is now Old Northern Road (previously Great Northern Road) to Gympie. The opening of cattle sale yards at Newmarket in 1877 also added impetus to growth and development of the region. [6]

The Enoggera State School was opened 24 August 1871, with a ceremony attended by more than 70 people. The school committee acknowledged the contribution of Timothy Corbett and James Mooney who contributed financially to the school buildings, as well as each donating an acre of land: Sub A, Portion 5 (Corbett) and Sub 1 Portion 6 (Mooney). Mooney died before his donation was registered and his land transfer did not occur until 1882. The school building was a timber structure, forty feet by twenty feet, with a verandah and the timber school residence to the west of the school. All structures were built within Sub A Portion 5, because the school did not have ownership of the adjoining parcel (Sub 1 Portion 6). The contractor was Edward Lewis of the Pimlico Shops; a timber workshop in Albert Street. Tenders were called for a playshed for the school in August 1877.[7]

The school hosted a public meeting in January 1885, advocating the extension of the railway through this important farming area, enabling farmers to get their crops to the Roma Street Markets. This line, originally intended to reach Samford, was built as far as Enoggera in February 1899. Meanwhile, an additional room was added to the timber school in late-1885. Arbor Day was held regularly at the school in the 1890s and early 20th century, although no mention was made of the species of trees, nor the location of the plantings in the press reports. Ongoing repairs, additions and alterations to the school buildings occurred during these years.[8]

The Department of Public Instruction acquired another four suburban allotments to the east of the school reserve (approx. 1821 m2) in January 1913. In December 1914, the under Secretary for Education, J D Story, promised that Enoggera would soon be in possession of a new brick school building. The war intervened, and in September 1915, the Minister for Education announced that a modern timber school would be built instead. A brick school was estimated to cost £5000 and a timber one could be built for around £2852.[9]

The new school building was a showcase of the revised design elements of Department of Public Works (DPW) designs. From 1893 DPW greatly improved the natural ventilation and lighting of classroom interiors, experimenting with different combinations of roof ventilators, ceiling and wall vents, larger windows, dormer windows and ducting. Achieving an ideal or even adequate level of natural light in classrooms, without glare, was of critical importance to educators and consequently it became central to the design and layout of all school buildings.

In c1909 high-set timber buildings were introduced, providing better ventilation as well as further teaching space and a covered play area underneath. This was a noticeable new direction and this form became a characteristic of Queensland schools. A technical innovation developed at this time was a continuous ventilation flap on the wall at floor level. This hinged board could be opened to increase air flow into the space and, combined with a ceiling vent and large roof fleche, improved internal air quality and decreased internal temperatures effectively. This type was introduced around 1909 and was constructed until approximately 1920.[10]

From around 1909 windows were rearranged and enlarged to provide a greater amount of gentle, southern light into the room and desks were rearranged so that the light would fall onto students’ left hand sides to avoid throwing shadows onto the pages; this presupposed that all students were right-handed. This often meant a complete transformation of the fenestration of existing buildings. Windows were larger and sills were lowered to let in more light generally. Smaller classrooms were preferred as they were easier to light correctly. Interiors became lighter and airier and met with immediate approval from educationalists.[11]

The years of experimentation culminated in the 1914 introduction of the suburban school type (C/T8) that solved many of the problems of light, ventilation, and classroom size that plagued previous school designs, as well as providing the ideal, modern education environment.[12]

The new Enoggera State School (type C/T8) was opened on 7 October 1916, by the Minister for Education, J F Hardacre. Concurrently, a roll of honour was unveiled, honouring more than 50 committee men, teachers and scholars who volunteered to serve in the war. The Minister described the school as the same type as Cannon Hill State School [QHR 602854] which had opened the previous year. The Enoggera School faced south onto South Pine Road, whereas the Cannon Hill School faced north. The timber building on brick piers, had asbestos slates on the roof, and pressed metal coved ceilings. The two main classroom wings (Block A on an east-west axis and Block B to its west) were placed at right angles to each other, with smaller wings housing hat and cloakroom and teachers rooms, placed diagonally at each veranda end, creating a part courtyard effect. The plans for the school indicate that Block A was divided into three classrooms with ‘accordion petitions’ and Block B into two classrooms. The north wall of Block A , which had no verandah, contained high windows at each end and a large bank of windows in the middle providing left hand light to pupils in the middle classrooms. The large windows on the gable ends provided left hand light to the other classrooms, the classrooms were 22 ft (6.7m) wide and each allowed for 40 pupils. Each block had a prominent central ventilation fleche linked by ducts to ceiling vents. The school at that time had an enrolment of 230 and the new buildings could accommodate 250. The site was planned so another wing could be added in the future. In 1917, the original 1871 school building was gifted to the community for use as a School of Arts.[13]

The school committee inaugurated an annual fund raising event in 1923 to provide for the construction of tennis courts and tree planting. Tennis and basketball courts were built on the north western corner of the site. By July 1925, the school needed to expand further. The school committee approached the minister for Public Instruction, Mr T Wilson, MLA, seeking a new teacher’s residence and the removal of the existing one from the centre of the playground. The School of Arts (1871 school) remained on the school grounds until late 1925 when it was relocated to its present position at 349 Wardell Street; by that time jointly owned by the RSSILA and re-erected as a Memorial Hall. Tenders were called for the removal of the old school residence in November 1925. The school committee held its third annual fund raising event in a recently completed gymnasium on the site in February 1926. The tennis and basketball courts were reportedly recently upgraded.[14]

By 1925 the school which was designed for 320 students, had enrolments of 450 and classes had to be held on verandahs and in the hat enclosures. A new wing was required, but not immediately provided. Tenders were called in August 1930 for the new wing, and outbuildings; J Wight of Milton the successful tenderer at a price of £98/10/-. While the new structure matched the existing wing, fulfilling the site layout design developed in 1915, it did not include the pressed metal ceilings featured in the earlier buildings due to financial restraints. The building (Block D) opened in March 1931. The final cost was £1105, but two classes still had to be accommodated on verandahs. Accommodation pressures were eased with the opening of the Everton Park State School (known as Bunyaville) in 1934.[15]

Enoggera State School celebrated its diamond jubilee (one year late) in November 1932, attended by parents and past students. The school grounds were extended by 1821m2 to the east in April 1935. A fete was held in October 1936 to raise funds for continued improvements to the school grounds. The committee had already provided a tennis and basketball court, and a concrete cricket wicket. By mid-1937, the committee was advocating the construction of another wing for the school. The local MLA Mr G Taylor advised that finance had been approved for this addition in November 1937. It was not completed until 31 July 1939 at a cost of £1810. The new wing (Block C) provided two more classrooms, a teacher’s room with hat room and was roofed in red fibre cement slates. It was built on concrete piers and was cemented underneath. This wing was built to the northwest of the 1916 buildings, linked to existing verandas and parallel to the western boundary of the school reserve.[16]

Following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbour in December 1941 and the escalation of WWII into the Pacific region, the Queensland Government closed all coastal state schools in January 1942. Although most schools reopened on 2 March 1942, student attendance was optional until the war ended.[17] Slit trenches, for protecting the students from Japanese air raids, were also dug at Queensland state schools, often by parents and staff. Only two teachers and four parents turned up to help did the trenches at Enoggera in January 1942.[18]

The Department of Public Instruction was largely unprepared for the enormous demand for state education between the late 1940s and the 1960s. This was a nation-wide occurrence resulting from immigration and the unprecedented population growth now termed the ‘baby boom’. Brisbane had grown from a population of 326,000 in 1939 to 425,000 in 1951, and new housing estates were developed around Enoggera and elsewhere. Queensland schools were overcrowded and, to cope, many new buildings were constructed and existing buildings were extended. In 1948 the Department of Education built four temporary classrooms and two army huts were sourced to provide four more classrooms to accommodate 240 extra students.[19]

Approval for the expenditure of £3890 for Enoggera State School was given late in 1949. Enrolments by that time were 685 students. The original 1941 plan was fulfilled with the construction during 1950, of another building comprising two classrooms (Block E) on the north east corner of Block A. A new fence was built in 1950.  A prefabricated Boulton and Paul classroom was added to the south east corner of the Block E in 1952. The three earliest buildings (Blocks A, B & D) which were roofed in asbestos slates, were reroofed in 1953 and the decorative roof fleches removed. During late 1954, the interiors and exteriors were painted. One acre of land opposite the school in South Pine Road was acquired for new tennis courts, funded by the efforts of the Enoggera State School Welfare Association. This project was completed in October 1954 and a demonstration match by local tennis stars was held at the opening event. School enrolments had reached 900 by 1954.[20]

In August 1954, additional classroom building costing £7266 was planned for the Enoggera State School, replacing some of the temporary army huts. This building faced South Pine Road and was an extension to Block D comprising four classrooms and a library completed in 1955. In 1956, an addition of similar design was added to the Boulton and Paul structure on Block E, comprising five classrooms. Further additions in 1957 included a new classroom to the southern end of Block B and new toilets serviced by a new septic system: boys’ toilets under a new classroom at the northern end of Block E and girls’ toilets under the library at the eastern end of the Block D 1954 extension. Another new classroom was added to the northern end of Block C in 1958. The school had an enrolment approaching 1000 by 1959. The Welfare Committee began fundraising to build a pool.[21]

Changes to the education system occurred in 1963 with the abolition of the Scholarship Exam and the transfer of Year 8 to High School. The Department transferred the 1956 northeastern wing (Block E extension) to the Everton Park High School in 1965.The school site and the tennis courts site were re-gazetted in April 1966 as Reserve for School Purposes (R.758), comprising 1.66ha.[22]

The pool was built on a site in the northwest corner of the school yard – the site of the early tennis courts. The pool was completed in 1968, but the filtration system took a further year. The pre-school was planned and approved in 1973. Land was acquired for a pre-school building along Laurel Street in December 1973 and March 1974, totalling 1822m2. The pre-school opened in 1975. School enrolments were dropping back to the level of the 1920s. In 1978, the school properties on either side of South Pine Road were re-gazetted as R.758, Lots 1052 and 1053 on Sl8734. By 1985, enrolments were 250 students. When enrolments dropped to 120 in 1995, it meant the school was no longer entitled to a non-teaching principal. An area in front of Block D, (13.6m deep and 59m wide) was added to the road reserve in November 2000. A new multipurpose court was built to the east of Block D facing South Pine Road during the 2000s. In 2015, the school disposed of the tennis courts site on the southern side of South Pine Road (Lot 1053). Approval for the sale was given in June 2013 in order to fund the construction of a hall. The Enoggera State School Performing Arts Centre was built during 2016 on the site of the former pre-school; pre-school having been replaced by prep in 2007. Year 7 moved to high school in 2015. By 2017 school enrolments were 300 students.[23]

In 2019, the school continues to operate from its original site. It retains a complex of five Suburban Timber School Buildings, with play areas, sporting facilities and courtyard spaces. The school is important to Enoggera, as a key social focus of the community, as generations of students have been taught there and many social events held in the school’s grounds and buildings since its establishment. 

Description

Enoggera State School occupies a 1.38ha flat site in the suburb of Enoggera, approximately 6.5km northeast of Brisbane’s CBD. Fronting South Pine Road to the south, the school is bounded on other sides by Laurel Street (north), residential properties (east) and a church (west). The school comprises a large complex of buildings, with most of the teaching buildings located at the southwest end of the site.

The features of State-level cultural heritage significance within the school complex are:

  • Block A – a 1916 Suburban Timber School Building
  • Block B – a 1916 Suburban Timber School Building
  • Block D – a 1931 Suburban Timber School Building
  • Block C – a 1939 Suburban Timber School Building
  • Block E – a 1950 Suburban Timber School Building
  • concrete footpaths south of and connecting Blocks A, B and D
  • views from South Pine Road, across an open courtyard, to the school buildings
  • open space and courtyards around Blocks A, B, C, D and E that allow views to buildings and permit natural light and ventilation to interior spaces

Later (post-1950) extensions to the significant buildings are not of State-level cultural heritage significance.

The earliest of the buildings (Blocks A, B and D) stand in a ‘U’-shape, facing south and forming a courtyard fronting South Pine Road. The later of the significant buildings (Blocks C and E) stand symmetrically to the north of Block A, replicating building forms of the earlier buildings (Blocks B and D). Together, the complex of significant buildings is ‘H’-shape in plan, with Block A located centrally, and each of the other buildings connected to its corners via verandahs: Block B to the southwest; Block to the northwest; Block D to the southeast; and Block E to the northeast.

Suburban Timber School Buildings (Block A, 1916) (Block B, 1916) (Block D, 1931) (Block C, 1939) (Block E, 1950)

Blocks A, B, C, D and E are gable-roofed, timber-framed teaching buildings that are typical of the Suburban Timber School Building type. All of the buildings are rectangular in plan and are highset on tall piers – the pre-1931 buildings generally have face brick piers and the post-1931 buildings have concrete piers (some are now painted). No original ventilation fleches remain.

Teaching and administration spaces are located on the first floor, with sheltered play space to the understorey (the toilets, tuckshop and most store rooms are later enclosures). Two teachers rooms project diagonally from inner sides of the verandah intersections of the earliest buildings (Blocks A, B and D), and an additional teachers room projects east from the east verandah of Block C.

All interior spaces are accessed via verandahs and the remaining timber stairs are generally in their early locations. Block A has verandahs to the south, east and west sides. Blocks B, D, C and E all originally had verandahs on their east and west sides, although some have been modified:

  • Block B: east verandah shortened and mostly enclosed for office space, and south end wall of west verandah removed for extension
  • Block D: east verandah mostly replaced with east extension
  • Blocks C: north end wall of west verandah removed for extension; east verandah partially removed
  • Block E: north end wall of west verandah removed for extension; and east verandah replaced with Boulton and Paul extension

The interior layouts of the buildings are as follows:

  • Block A: two classrooms (formerly three classrooms) – original folding partitions have been removed, however their locations are evident through original bulkheads, and a new dividing partition has been inserted. The east classroom’s verandah wall has been removed and new enclosures added to extend the classroom partially into the verandah space
  • Block B: two rooms (with a non-significant, single-room south extension) – the folding partition has been replaced with a recent solid partition, however the original bulkhead survives above. Part-height partitions have been added within the northern room for office space, although the original single space remains readable
  • Block D: two classrooms – the original single-skin partition is extant
  • Block C: two classrooms (with a non-significant, single-room north extension) – the solid partition has been removed (a strip in the ceiling lining indicates its former location) and a new concertina partition added
  • Block E: a large classroom (formerly two classrooms) (with non-significant, single-room north and east extensions) - a bulkhead indicates the location of the original partition
  • teachers rooms: each comprising a single room

Other features of cultural heritage significance in relation to Blocks A, B, C, D and E include:

  • vertical timber batten infills to gables
  • timber weatherboard exterior wall cladding
  • window hoods with timber frames and cheeks to original gable ends
  • verandah detailing: two-rail slat timber balustrades; square timber posts; arched timber brackets between verandah posts; timber floors; raked ceilings lined in V-jointed (VJ) timber boards; and single-skin verandah walls with externally-exposed timber studs; and remnants of original verandah hat enclosures (the hat racks at the north end of Block B’s west verandah is particularly intact)
  • ventilation flaps at skirting level of verandah walls (Blocks A and B)
  • original stairs, and locations of replacement stairs (except for Block D’s east stair)
  • original timber joinery: casement windows; tall centre-pivoting windows and highlights; centre pivoting fanlights; fixed fanlights angled inwards (moved to the north elevation from east end of Block A); dual French doors; and panelled doors
  • VJ timber wall linings to interiors
  • coved ceilings, with timber lattice and pressed metal ceiling vents
  • decorative pressed metal ceiling lining to Blocks A and B, and west teachers room
  • decorative pressed metal cornice to Blocks A and B and west teachers room, including breaks at locations of current and former door and window openings
  • VJ timber ceiling lining to Blocks C and D
  • flat sheet ceiling lining with battens to Block E
  • metal tie-rods
  • concrete slab floors, concrete piers and face brick piers to understorey (circular holes in piers indicate former locations of bracing and windbreaks)
  • early timber-framed, corrugated metal understorey bracing and windbreaks, including early store room to Block A

Landscape Features

The school’s main entrance is centred on the significant buildings, with a concrete footpath leading from South Pine Road to the central stair of Block A. This footpath is intersected by a perpendicular footpath leading to Block B and Block D.

Views of the significant buildings from South Pine Road are important, particularly those from and across the front entrance footpath.

A turfed playing field is located at the northeast end of the site.

Features Not of State-level Heritage Significance

Features at Enoggera State School not of State-level cultural heritage significance include:

  • post-1950 extensions to significant buildings, including:
    • Block B - south 1957 Highset Timber School Building extension
    • Block D - east 1954 Highset Timber School Building extension
    • Block C - north 1958 Highset Timber School Building with Open-Web Truss extension
    • Block E - east 1952 Boulton and Paul extension, and north 1957 Highset Timber School Building extension
  • other buildings, structures, shade sails, and pathways not previously mentioned, including tennis courts, swimming pool, library and Performing Arts Centre
  • corrugated metal roof cladding (which replaced asbestos-cement slates in 1953)
  • narrow chamferboard cladding
  • non-original stairs
  • non-original verandah enclosures (most of flat sheets and aluminium-framed windows), including: south side of Block A, east side of Block B and west side of Block E
  • bag racks, which have replaced some original balustrades
  • non-original external louvre screens to Block B and verandah screens to Block C
  • non-original timber lattice screens
  • non-original doors and windows, including non-original double-hung and awning windows, and all aluminium joinery
  • non-original partitions (all internal partitions, except for those to Block D) and associated joinery
  • non-original electrical fittings: lights, heaters, fans, air conditioners and associated ducts and grills
  • recent floor coverings: carpet and linoleum
  • understorey enclosures: including west teachers room, toilets, tuckshop and store rooms (except for an early store room to Block A)
  • garden beds to understorey

References

[1] Thom Blake, ‘Educating Queenslanders’ in Queensland Historical Thematic Framework, 2007 (rev. 2013 by EHP), p. 2.
[2] Greg Logan and Eddie Clarke, State Education in Queensland: a brief history, a report for the Department of Education Queensland, 1984, p.2.
[3] Project Services, 'Mount Morgan State High School' in Queensland Schools Heritage Study Part II Report, for Education Queensland, 2008, pp.4-5; Paul Burmester, Margaret Pullar and Michael Kennedy Queensland Schools A Heritage Conservation Study, a report for the Department of Education, 1996, pp.87-8.
[4] Paul Burmester, Margaret Pullar and Michael Kennedy, Queensland Schools A Heritage Conservation Study, 1996 pp.84, 120-1.
[5] Brisbane Courier 24 August 1870, p.2, 6 September 1870, p.3, 8 April 1871, p.2; 2 September 1871, p.6.
[6] Enoggera State School, celebrating 125 years, 1871-1996, pp. 1-2; Sunday Mail 16 June 1929, p.22; Queenslander 26 May 1877, p.29.
[7] Brisbane Courier, 2 September 1871, p.6; Certificate of Title #10415138 (Sub 1, Por 6) and Certificate of Title #10189082 (Sub A, Portion 5), Survey Plans M111820, N25178, Rp18377; Telegraph, 10 June 1874, p.2; 23 August 1877.
[8] Telegraph, 24 January 1885, p.1;  2 September 1885, p.5; Kerr, John, Triumph of Narrow Gauge, a history of Queensland Railways, Brisbane: Boolarong Press, 1990, p. 92; Arbor Day Reports: Moreton Mail, 15 May 1896, Brisbane Courier, 9 August 1897, p.4; 8 August 1898, p. 4; 11 August 1908, p.2; Additions and alterations: Telegraph 2 September 1900, p.13; Brisbane Courier, 22 October 1904, p.8; Telegraph 22 September 1907, p.10; The Week, 15 May 1908, p.16; Telegraph,  5 June 1909, p.17; Brisbane Courier, 15 June 1910, p.2; 5 October 1911, p.4.
[9] Daily Standard, 8 December 1914, p.6; Telegraph, 4 September 1915, p.9; 18 December 1915, p.2. Certificate of Title #11230022.
[10] Paul Burmester, Margaret Pullar and Michael Kennedy, Queensland Schools A Heritage Conservation Study, a report for the Department of Education, 1996, pp.19-20.
[11] Paul Burmester, Margaret Pullar and Michael Kennedy, Queensland Schools A Heritage Conservation Study, a report for the Department of Education, 1996, pp.19-20.
[12] Paul Burmester, Margaret Pullar and Michael Kennedy, Queensland Schools A Heritage Conservation Study, a report for the Department of Education, 1996, p.21.
[13] Telegraph, 9 October 1916, p.10; Brisbane Courier, 15 February 1917, p.6; DPW Annual Report 1916, p.7. Other schools built to this typology include Silkstone State School, Townsville Railway Estate State School, Berserker Street State School and Buranda Girls and Infants School.
[14] Daily Standard, 8 September 1924, p.10; Telegraph, 23 November 1925, p.12. Additions were designed by (former government) architect Lt Col Thomas Pye; Telegraph, 12 November 1923, p.5; 22 February 1926, p.4.
[15] Brisbane Courier, 5 August 1930, p.5; 15 August 1930, p.10, 23 March 1931, p.14; Daily Standard, 23 March 1931, p.2; Enoggera State School, Celebrating 125 Years, 1871-1996, pp. 11-12; e-plan #16041080 – Andrew Irving’s plans approved by Government Architect A B Brady, 9 December 1915.
[16] Government Gazette, Reserve for State School Extension, Enoggera, 13 April 1935 p.1730, (Resubs 3,4,18,19 Sub B, Portion 5, Survey Plan M332147); Telegraph, 7 November 1932, p.10; Courier Mail, 26 October 1936, p.22; Sunday Mail, 17 March 1938, p.17; Courier Mail 1 August 1939, p.9; DPW Annual Report 1939, p.12.
[17] Ronald Wood, ‘Civil Defence’ in ‘Queensland during World War II’, 1993, p.79; ‘Schools reopen; some await shelter survey’, Royal Historical Society Journal, Vol 15 issue 2, p.p.78-80; The Courier Mail, 2 March 1942, p.3.
[18] Courier Mail, 25 January 1942, p.3; Telegraph, 22 January 1951, p.20; Burmester et al, Queensland Schools, A Heritage Conservation Study, a report for the Department of Education, 1996, pp.64-5.
[19] Project Services, Queensland Schools Heritage Study Part II Report, for Education Queensland, January 2008, pp.28-31; Telegraph, 26 September 1944, p.4; Courier Mail, 2 February 1948, p.11.
[20] Brisbane Telegraph, 8 December 1949, p.6; DPW Plan#16040970 approved December 1949;Truth, 29 January 1950, p.31; Centenary Enoggera State School 1871-1971, p. 23; Brisbane Telegraph, 4 June 1953, p.3; 5 August 1954, p.13; Certificate of Title #12721050, Courier Mail, 23 October 1954, p.9; Enoggera State School, Celebrating 125 years, 1871-1996, pp. 16-17; DPW Annual Report 1950, p.15; DPW Plan#16041113 (1953) indicates that Block E will not be reroofed.
[21] Telegraph 19 August 1954, p.10, DPW Annual Report 1955, p.17; DPW Annual Report 1957, p.17; DPW Annual Report 1958, p.18; DPW Annual report 1959, p.16; Enoggera State School, Celebrating 125 years, 1871-1996, p. 17-19; Centenary Enoggera State School 1871 – 1971, pp.22-23.
[22] Enoggera State School, Celebrating 125 years, 1871-1996, p.23; Survey Plan Sl4939, Government Gazette 1966, Vol 1 p. 1786.
[23] Enoggera State School, Celebrating 125 years, 1871-1996, p.20; Government Gazette 17 December 1973, p. 1843 (Resubs 22, 23, Sub B Portion 5); 30 March 1974, p.1271 (Resubs 24, 25, Sub B Portion 5; Survey Plan M332147, revised plan Sl8734; Aerial photo QAP5906175 (2000) shows no multipurpose court; aerial photo QAP6276113 (2009) shows the multipurpose court. Title search #51010533 tennis court site transferred 30/10/2015; Disclosure logs, documents released on FOI request under 340-5-3295; Briefing Note requesting sale of the tennis courts Enoggera State School, 6 June 2013 https://qed.qld.gov.au/aboutus/rti/DisclosureLogs/documents-released-under-340-5-3295.pdf 

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Location of Enoggera State School within Queensland
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Last updated
20 January 2016
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