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Species profile—Phyllanthus brassii

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → PhyllanthaceaePhyllanthus brassii

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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Phyllanthaceae
Scientific name
Phyllanthus brassii C.T.White
WildNet taxon ID
11271
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Vulnerable
Back on Track (BoT) status
Low
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Short Notes
BRI 011192
Description
Phyllanthus brassii is a hairless shrub or small tree growing to about 3 to 4 m tall. The branchlets are thick and marked with long narrow ridges or depressions. The leaves are leathery, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate in shape and measure 4 to 6.5 cm long by 1.5 to 2.5 cm wide. Both leaf surfaces are shiny and strongly netted, the margins are slightly thickened and curled and the leaf stalks are 2 to 3mm long. The unisexual flowers are borne in axillary clusters, each on a thin stalk 2 to 3 mm long. The male flowers have two stamens and four sepals, the sepals are oblong-ovate and are 2 mm long by 1.25 mm wide. The female flowers have three styles. The seed capsule is undescribed (White, 1936).
Several specimens that were identified as P. brassii from SF 391 in Port Curtis District have been renamed Phyllanthus sp. (Bulburin P.I. Forster + PIF 16034) (Wang, 1998). Phyllanthus brassii is not closely related to any other Australian species (White 1936).
Map
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Distribution
Restricted to north east Queensland where it is confined to Thornton Peak and Whyanbeel north of Mossman. Recorded in Daintree National Park. Is suspected to occur in TR 165 (Wang, 1989; Queensland Herbarium, 2012).
Distributional limits
-16.1568038, 145.3427727
-16.3401372, 145.3761061
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Phyllanthus brassii occurs at altitudes of 1200 to 1260 m. It grows in montane rainforest and montane heath on granite, usually along streams (Wang, 1989).
Reproduction
Flowering has been recorded in June and November, but the fruiting period is unknown (Wang, 1989).
Threatening processes
Although locally common at Thornton Peak, Phyllanthus brassii has a very restricted distribution, with all known populations located in Daintree National Park. Therefore, its habitat is protected and it is not seriously threatened. Several specimens that were identified as P. brassii from SF 391 in Port Curtis District 3.5 were renamed Phyllanthus sp. (Bulburin P.I. Forster + PIF 16034) (Wang, 1998).
Status notes
Phyllanthus brassii is listed as Vulnerable under the Queensland Nature Conservation Act 1992.
Notes
Occurs in the following Queensland pastoral districts: Cook.
References
Queensland Herbarium (2011). Specimen label information. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 21/07/2011.
Wang, J. (1998). Phyllanthus brassii Species Management Profile. Department of Natural Resources, Brisbane.
White, C.T. (1936). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 47: 81.
Profile author
Ronald Booth (25/05/2012)

Other resources

The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=11271

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
7 September 2021
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