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Species profile—Eucalyptus argophloia (Queensland western white gum)


Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → MyrtaceaeEucalyptus argophloia (Queensland western white gum)

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Species details

Plantae (plants)
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Scientific name
Eucalyptus argophloia Blakely
Common name
Queensland western white gum
WildNet taxon ID
Alternate name(s)
Burncluith gum
Chinchilla white gum
white gum
western white gum
scrub gum
Queensland white gum
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) status
Conservation significant
Pest status
Short Notes
BRI 039757, status annotated by A.R.Bean
Eucalyptus argophloia is a medium to tall tree growing to 40m. The trunk is free of branches for one-half or more of the total tree height. The smooth bark is shed in strips and has a mottled appearance with patches of yellow, pinkish grey, reddish grey, bluish grey and white. The juvenile leaves are linear to narrowly lance-shaped, up to 9cm long by 1.4cm wide, greyish-green in colour and arranged at first in opposite pairs then alternating along the branch. The dull, green, adult leaves are lance-shaped and measure up to 13cm long by 1.3cm wide. A prominent feature of the leaves is the intramarginal vein being remote from the leaf edge.
The white flowers are grouped in clusters of seven on a stalk measuring up to 1.2cm long that grows from where the leaf joins with a branchlet. Mature flower buds are egg-shaped or spherical, and are up to 4mm long with a rounded cap. The seed capsules are hemispherical to cup-shaped and are 2.5-5mm long by 4-7mm diameter with 4-6 valves opening at rim level or slightly exserted. (Brooker & Kleining 1994; Halford 1997; DEWHA 2008)
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Eucalyptus argophloia is restricted to a small area north of Chinchilla, in south east Queensland. (Halford 1997; Herbrecs 2008)
Distributional limits
-26.486004, 150.6716667
-26.6688889, 151.0632429
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Eucalyptus argophloia occurs on flat to undulating country at 300-340m above sea level. It prefers deep, dark, heavy clay soils, often with strong gilgai (melon hole) development. It has been recorded growing in brigalow woodland and forest communities associated with belah, poplar box and inland grey box. (Halford 1997)
Eucalyptus argophloia flowers have been recorded from April to August. (Halford 1997)
Contributors: Jan A. Abbotts 21/01/2002; Tony Bean, Mellisa Mayhew 16/02/2009
Brooker, M.I.H. & Kleinig, D.A. (1994). Field guide to Eucalypts: Volume 3, Northern Australia. Inkata Press, Sydney.
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (2008). Eucalyptus argophloia in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra. Accessed 24/09/2008.
Halford, D. (1997), Eucalyptus argophloia, in Species Management Manual. Department of Natural Resources, Brisbane.
Herbrecs (2008). Eucalyptus argophloia, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 24/09/2008.
Profile author
Tony Bean (16/02/2009)

Other resources

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0.

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Last updated
8 March 2022