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Species profile—Eucalyptus conglomerata (swamp stringybark)

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → MyrtaceaeEucalyptus conglomerata (swamp stringybark)

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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Myrtaceae
Scientific name
Eucalyptus conglomerata Maiden & Blakely
Common name
swamp stringybark
WildNet taxon ID
13612
Alternate name(s)
swamp stringbark
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Endangered
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) status
Endangered
Back on Track (BoT) status
Medium
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Wetland status
Wetland Indicator Species
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Short Notes
BRI 011286, 011287
Description
Eucalyptus conglomerata is a mallee or small straggly tree to 12m tall. It has grey to greyish brown, rough, fibrous, stringy bark on the trunk and branches. The juvenile leaves are narrowly lance-shaped, up to 8cm long by 1cm wide, and are rough to the touch. Juvenile leaves are arranged oppositely for a few pairs and then continue in pairs that are not exactly opposite. The glossy, green, adult leaves are broadly lance- or sickle-shaped, measure up to 12cm long by 2.5cm wide and have unequal bases. The adult leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.
The creamy white flowers are grouped into clusters where a leaf joins the stem. Each cluster consists of 13-20 flowers on laterally flattened stalks measuring up to 1cm long. Mature flower buds are egg- or spindle-shaped, measure up to 8mm long, 3mm in diameter and have a cone-shaped cap. The seed capsules occur in crowded clusters and are cup-shaped, 3-6mm long and 3-6mm in diameter. The capsules are slightly constricted at the rim and have 3 enclosed valves. (Brooker & Kleinig 1994; Halford 1996; DEWHA 2008)
Map
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Distribution
Eucalyptus conglomerata is found between Beerburrum and Kin Kin in south-east Queensland. (Halford 1996; Herbrecs 2008)
Distributional limits
-26.2192419, 152.9177309
-26.9150744, 153.1055556
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Eucalyptus conglomerata grows on coastal flats up to 30m above sea level. It occurs mostly in the ecotone between wet heaths (wallum) and tall open forest communities. The soils are infertile, deep and sandy or peaty in texture. Drainage is poor and soils can be seasonally waterlogged. (Halford 1996; DEWHA 2008)
Behaviour
The distribution of Eucalyptus conglomerata within its habitat appears to be limited by soil hydrology and its inability to compete with larger eucalypt species. (Halford 1996)
Reproduction
Eucalyptus conglomerata has been recorded with flowers from March to June. Flower buds take about 12 months to mature. The seed is held on the tree until the branch on which they are attached dies. (Halford 1996)
Threatening processes
Threats from road and freeway construction, subdivision and urban development, possibly inappropriate fire regimes, and agricultural development.
Notes
Contributors: Weslawa Misiak 10/09/1998; Tony Bean, Mellisa Mayhew 27/01/2009
References
Brooker, M.I.H. & Kleinig, D.A. (1994). Field guide to Eucalypts: Volume 3, Northern Australia. Inkata Press, Sydney.
Chippendale, G.M. (1988). Eucalyptus, Angophora (Myrtaceae). Flora of Australia, 19. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, XVI. 542 pp.
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (2008). Eucalyptus conglomerata in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra. Accessed 24/09/2008. http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat
Drake, W. (1995). Conservation Research Statement and Proposed Recovery Plan for Eucalyptus conglomerata (swamp stringybark), Myrtaceae. Unpublished report to the Australian Nature Conservation Agency.
Halford, D. (1996). Eucalyptus conglomerata, in Species Management Manual. Department of Natural Resources, Brisbane.
Herbrecs (2008). Eucalyptus conglomerata, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 24/09/2008.
Profile author
Tony Bean (27/01/2009)

Other resources

Species Profile and Threats Database (SPRAT)
The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=13612

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
7 September 2021
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