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Species profile—Solanum adenophorum

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → SolanaceaeSolanum adenophorum

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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Solanaceae
Scientific name
Solanum adenophorum F.Muell.
WildNet taxon ID
16156
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Endangered
Back on Track (BoT) status
High
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Description
Solanum adenophorum is a perennial herb growing to 40cm high. It has annual stems that are green and covered with fine glandular hairs. Prickles measuring 1-7cm long are present on the stems, leaves, leaf stalks, flower stalk and base of the flowers. The leaves are ovate in shape, 3-6cm long and 3-4cm wide, the same colour on both surfaces, and have a deeply lobed margin. The margins of the lobes are again lobed or undulate. The leaf stalks are 2-6cm long.
The flower heads are short and composed of 2-6 flowers, on a stalk 10mm long. The individual flowers are on stalks about 5-10mm long. The flowers are star-shaped, shallowly incised, 16-20mm in diameter and white in colour. The berry-like fruit is globular, c.15mm in diameter and whitish or yellow in colour. The seeds are 2.8-3.5mm long and pale grey-yellow coloured.
S. adenophorum has very long petioles compared to most Australian species. (Purdie et al. 1982; Bean 2004)
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Distribution
Solanum adenophorum is endemic to the Dingo - Nebo - Clermont area in central-eastern Queensland. The species known as S. adenophorum in New South Wales and Victoria is actually S. eremophilum. (Bean 2002)
Distributional limits
-21.8859902, 147.1261114
-23.5661112, 149.4925
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Solanum adenophorum occurs mostly in brigalow woodland and on very gently inclined slopes. It also occurs in gidgee (Acacia cambagei) scrub on deep cracking clay soils. (Bean 2004)
Reproduction
Solanum adenophorum flowers in October. Mature fruit has been recorded in May, September and October. (Bean 2004)
Notes
Contributors: Tony Bean, Mellisa Mayhew 16/06/2009
References
Bean, A.R. (2002). The identity of "Solanum adenophorum" in NSW and Victoria. Australian Systematic Botany Newsletter 111: 6.
Bean, A.R. (2004). The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Austrobaileya 6(4): 729-730.
Herbrecs (2008). Solanum adenophorum, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 7/11/2008.
Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. in George, A.S. (Ed) (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 139-140.
Profile author
Tony Bean (16/06/2009)

Other resources

The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=16156

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
25 January 2022
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