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Species profile—Solanum stenopterum

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → SolanaceaeSolanum stenopterum

Photo of Solanum stenopterum () - Queensland Herbarium, DES,2007

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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Solanaceae
Scientific name
Solanum stenopterum A.R.Bean
WildNet taxon ID
29794
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Vulnerable
Back on Track (BoT) status
High
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Short Notes
Plus spirit, status annotated by author
Description
Solanum stenopterum is a sprawling or erect herb growing 20-40cm tall. Branchlets are green and covered in needle-shaped prickles, 2-8mm long. The leaves are linear to ovate in shape and may be entire or have 2-3 lobes on each side. Leaves measure 4-7cm long and 0.5-2.6cm wide. The upper leaf surface is green with 3-15 prickles (1-4mm long) that may be present only on the midvein or also on the lateral veins. The lower leaf surface is green with 1-15 prickles that may be present only on the midvein or also on the lateral veins.
The flower heads occur opposite a leaf and contain 1 or 2 purple flowers that are 14-18mm long. Only one mature fruit is produced per flower head. The mature fruits are globular and 10mm in diameter. (Bean 2004)
Distribution
Solanum stenopterum is patchily distributed across the Darling Downs in Queensland, from Gayndah south to Goondiwindi, west to Jackson and east to Oakey. It is also known from the North West Slopes of New South Wales. (Bean 2004; Herbrecs 2008; National Herbarium NSW 2008)
Distributional limits
-25.7484189, 149.5547234
-28.2400849, 151.7461741
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Solanum stenopterum inhabits grassland or woodlands of belah and poplar box (Eucalyptus populnea) on black, brown or red clay loam soils. It also grows on loamy ridges, along roadsides and in paddocks. (Bean 2004)
Reproduction
Solanum stenopterum flowers from October to March, with mature fruits being present in March. (Bean 2004)
Notes
Contributors: Tony Bean, Mellisa Mayhew 26/06/2009
References
Bean, A.R. (2004). The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Austrobaileya 6(4): 734-736.
Herbrecs (2008). Solanum stenopterum, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 15/10/2008.
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2008). Solanum stenopterum, in PlantNet: New South Wales Flora Online. National Herbarium of New South Wales. Accessed 15/10/2008. http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/
Profile author
Tony Bean (26/06/2009)

Other resources

The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=29794

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

More species information

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
23 October 2019
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