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Species profile—Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa (Belmont stink bush)


Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → RutaceaeZieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa (Belmont stink bush)

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Species details

Plantae (plants)
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Scientific name
Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa J.A.Armstr.
Common name
Belmont stink bush
WildNet taxon ID
Superseded by
Zieria gymnocarpa (07/05/2021)
Back on Track (BoT) status
Conservation significant
Pest status
Short Notes
BRI 111809, status annotated by author
Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa is a medium to tall shrub, and is densely covered with velvety hairs throughout. The branches are slightly ridged, covered with small wart-like projections and a dense covering of star-shaped hairs. Older branches are hairless, with many pores (lenticels) and have fewer wart-like projections. The leaves are arranged opposite each other along the stem and each leaf is divided into 3 leaflets attached at the end of the leaf stalk (petiole). The leaf stalks (petioles) are 3.2-24.5mm long and covered in wart-like projections and dense star-shaped hairs. The middle leaflet is lance-shaped, 22.4-72mm long, 1.5-11.5mm wide, with a rounded, blunt tip. The upper leaf surface is dark green, hairless or nearly so, and has small wart-like projections. The lower leaf surface is light green and densely covered in small wart-like projections and velvety star-shaped hairs. The leaves have well developed marginal glands and due to this, the leaf margins appear to bear slightly rounded teeth (crenate).
Flower heads arise from where the leaf stalk joins the stem (axillary). The flower heads are shorter than the leaves and each head contains 21-125 flowers. The stalks of the flower heads are 2.5-21.2mm long, almost hairless and covered in small wart-like projections. Each flower has a stalk (pedicel) that is not rigded, 0.7-1.8mm long, covered in dense star-shaped hairs, and lacking wart-like projections. The flowers are white, conspicuous and about 4mm in diameter. The petals are elliptic in shape with a short, straight, inflexed point at the tip, 2.3-3.5mm long by 1.2-1.6mm wide, covered in dense star-shaped hairs on both surfaces, and overlap when in bud. The fruit is hairless and has some small wart-like projections.
This species is most easily recognised by the weakly crenate leaf margins. (Armstrong 2002; Duretto & Forster 2007)
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Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa is endemic to south-east Queensland, being found in a small area in the Brisbane suburb of Belmont and also at Springbrook, near the New South Wales border. (Armstrong 2002; Herbrecs 2008)
Distributional limits
-27.5234013, 153.1093986
-27.5234014, 153.1093987
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa occurs as an understorey shrub in open forest of Acacia disparrima, Allocasuarina littoralis, Eucalyptus species and brush box (Lophostemon confertus). It has also been found in regrowth vegetation dominated by guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus var. pubiglumis) and A. disparrima. (Duretto & Forster 2007)
Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa possesses functional pollen. It flowers from February to April and August to November. Fruiting occurs from February to April and in September and October. (Armstrong 2002; Duretto & Forster 2007)
Contributors: Ailsa Holland, Mellisa Mayhew 19/06/2009
Armstrong, J.A. (2002). Zieria (Rutaceae): a systematic and evolutionary study. Australian Systematic Botany 15(3): 363-365.
Duretto, M.F. & Forster, P.I. (2007). A taxonomic revision of the genus Zieria Sm. (Rutaceae) in Queensland. Austrobaileya 7(3): 509.
Herbrecs (2008). Zieria furfuracea subsp. gymnocarpa, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 14/11/2008.
Profile author
Ailsa Holland (19/06/2009)

Other resources

The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
7 September 2021
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