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Species profile—Corymbia xanthope (Glen Geddes bloodwood)

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → MyrtaceaeCorymbia xanthope (Glen Geddes bloodwood)

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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Myrtaceae
Scientific name
Corymbia xanthope (A.R.Bean & Brooker) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson
Common name
Glen Geddes bloodwood
WildNet taxon ID
6568
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Vulnerable
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) status
Vulnerable
Back on Track (BoT) status
Low
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Description
Corymbia xanthope is a small to medium-sized tree to 15 m high. The bark is rough almost throughout, flaky and somewhat tessellated; the outer layers are grey-brown, but the newly exposed bark is yellowish. The smaller branches are smooth barked. The adult leaves are lanceolate or sickle shaped, 1.5 to 2.5 cm wide, and are bright green on the upper surface and conspicuously paler below. The flowers are in terminal clusters, with seven buds per umbel. The flower buds are 7 to 8 mm long when mature, on long stalks. The fruit is egg shaped, 16 to 18 mm long with the valves deeply enclosed (Brooker and Kleinig, 2004)
Corymbia xanthope is distinguished from C. intermedia by the exposed blotches of yellow underbark, the smooth small branches and the larger fruit (Brooker and Kleinig, 2004).
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Distribution
Corymbia xanthope occurs in the Rockhampton and Marlborough area of central Queensland, and on South Percy Island. The extent of occurrence is about 20 sq km (Queensland Herbarium, 2008). The total population is unknown, but is estimated to be several thousand individuals (DSEWPC, 2012).
Distributional limits
-21.7567584, 149.8383087
-23.2067557, 150.6927421
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Corymbia xanthope occurs in woodlands with Eucalyptus fibrosa on ridges or hill slopes on serpentinite geology with sandy soils (Queensland Herbarium, 2012). This community is recognised as a distinct regional ecosystem (RE 11.11.7 E. fibrosa subsp. fibrosa, C. xanthope woodland on serpentinite). Many populations of the species occur in areas of remnant vegetation (Environmental Protection Agency, 2008) as defined under the Vegetation Management Act 1999 (Queensland), and are therefore protected from broad-scale vegetation clearing.
Reproduction
Flowering occurs from February to March and fruiting throughout the year (Brooker and Kleinig 2004; Queensland Herbarium, 2012)
Threatening processes
The main identified threats to Corymbia xanthope are destruction and disturbance of habitat through mining activities (DSEWPC, 2012). A potential threat is from mining and damage from road realignment, as populations occur along the Bruce Highway and the Rockhampton-Yeppoon road.
Status notes
Corymbia xanthope is listed as Vulnerable under the Queensland Nature Conservation Act 1992 and Vulnerable under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
Management recommendations
Regional and local priority actions to support the recovery of Corymbia xanthope are outlined by DSEWPC (2012). A summary of these include: avoid habitat loss, disturbance and modification (e.g. monitor known populations to identify key threats; ensure road widening and other development activities to not adversely impact on known C. xanthope populations; identify populations of high conservation priority); increase conservation information (raise awareness of Corymbia xanthope in the local community); and enable recovery of additional sites and/or populations (e.g. undertake appropriate seed collection and storage; investigate options for linking, enhancing or establishing additional populations).
Notes
Occurs in the following Queensland pastoral districts: Port Curtis.
Flowering quite extensively between Rockhampton and Marlborough during April '99 and being utilised as food source by flying foxes, both the little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus) and the black flying fox (Pteropus alecto). (pers. comm. Patrina Birt)
References
Brooker, M.I.H. and Kleinig, D.A. (2004). Field Guide to Eucalypts, vol. 3, Second edition, Bloomings Books, Melbourne, p. 126.
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPC) (2012). Corymbia xanthope in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra. Accessed 28/03/2012. http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat.
Queensland Herbarium (2012). Specimen label information. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 07/03/2012.
Profile author
Ronald Booth (07/03/2012)

Other resources

Species Profile and Threats Database (SPRAT)
The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=6568

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
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