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Species profile—Acacia eremophiloides

Classification

Plantae (plants) → Equisetopsida (land plants) → MimosaceaeAcacia eremophiloides

Photo of Acacia eremophiloides () - Forster, P.,Queensland Herbarium, DES,1984
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Species details

Kingdom
Plantae (plants)
Class
Equisetopsida (land plants)
Family
Mimosaceae
Scientific name
Acacia eremophiloides Pedley & P.I.Forst.
WildNet taxon ID
9565
Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status
Vulnerable
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) status
Vulnerable
Back on Track (BoT) status
High
Conservation significant
Yes
Confidential
No
Endemicity
Native
Pest status
Nil
Short Notes
BRI 372929 (Holotype), 372930 (Isotype)
Description
Acacia eremophiloides is a resinous (slightly sticky) shrub growing to 2.5m tall and has slender branches. The phyllodes (the part of the leaf stalk taking the form of a leaf) are spreading to erect, linear in shape, 4.0-6.5cm long and 2.5-3.0mm wide, with one longitudinal vein (midrib). The phyllodes are thick and have prominently raised translucent margins and midrib.
Masses of golden-yellow flowers are produced in globular heads of about 30 flowers. The pods are linear, raised over the seeds, cinnamon brown in colour and 8cm long by 3.5cm wide. The seeds are 3.3mm long.
A. eremophiloides is distinguished from the related A. ixodes by the thicker, more resinous phyllodes with raised translucent margins and midrib, and by the more elongate pods. (Pedley & Forster 1986; Williams 1999; Maslin et al. 2001; DEWHA 2008)
Map
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Distribution
Acacia eremophiloides is restricted to a small area south of Gayndah and Mundubbera in the Burnett district of south-eastern Queensland. (Herbrecs 2008)
Distributional limits
-25.9786956, 151.3055555
-26.0092918, 151.3651765
Range derivation
Range derived from extent of the taxon's verified records
Habitat
Acacia eremophiloides is found predominantly in open forest or open woodland with an open to sparse shrub understorey. It grows on exposed rocky granite ridges and in open communities among large granite boulders. It occurs on shallow, sandy, well-drained soils, comprising decomposed granite and organic matter. A. eremophiloides is found at altitudes between 460-550m. (Pedley & Forster 1986; Maslin et al. 2001; DEWHA 2008)
Behaviour
Any fire that kills the foliage of this plant is fatal. Work on seed biology for A. eremophiloides was undertaken over two successive years. Although it flowered prolifically, it did not produce seed. This may be a result of dry climatic conditions, or may be a result of the low genetic diversity of the species. (Leverington et al. 2006)
Reproduction
Acacia eremophiloides flowers in August and September, with mature fruits occurring in November. The species is an obligate seeder. From seed, plants reach reproductive maturity at three to four years. In cultivated specimens are known to live for 8 to 12 years. (Leverington et al. 2006; DEWHA 2008)
Management documents
Leverington, A., Edgar, R. and Gordon, G. 2006. Multi-species recovery plan for Acacia eremophiloides, Acacia grandifolia, Acacia porcata, Bertya granitica and Newcastelia velutina 2006-2010. Report to Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.
Notes
Contributors: Ailsa Holland, Mellisa Mayhew 27/01/2009
References
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (2008). Acacia eremophiloides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra. Accessed 22/09/2008. http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat
Herbrecs (2008) Acacia eremophiloides, in BriMapper version 2.12. Queensland Herbarium. Accessed 22/09/2008.
Leverington, A., Edgar, R. and Gordon, G. 2006. Multi-species recovery plan for Acacia eremophiloides, Acacia grandifolia, Acacia porcata, Bertya granitica and Newcastelia velutina 2006-2010. Report to Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.
Maslin, B.R., et al. in Orchard, A.E. & Wilson, A.J.G. (Ed) (2001). Flora of Australia 11A: 455. Accessed 22/09/2008.
Pedley, L. & Forster, P,I. (1986). Acacia eremophiloides (Mimosaceae), A new species from South-eastern Queensland. Austrobaileya 2(3): 277-280.
Williams, K.A.W. (1999). Native Plants Queensland (volume 4). CopyRight Publishing Co. Pty Ltd, Brisbane.
World Wide Wattle (2006). Acacia eremophiloides, in World Wide Wattle online. Accessed 22/09/2008 http://www.worldwidewattle.com/
Profile author
Ailsa Holland (27/01/2009)

Other resources

Species Profile and Threats Database (SPRAT)
The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Atlas of Living Australia

Data source

This profile data is sourced from the QLD Wildlife Data API using the Get species by ID function used under CC-By 4.0
https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/species/?op=getspeciesbyid&taxonid=9565

This information is sourced from the WildNet database managed by the Queensland Department of Environment and Science.

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Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
7 September 2021
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